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NOTES ON RHODE ISLAND ORNITHOLOGY 



EDITED BY 

REGINALD HEBER HOWE, Jr. 



VOLUME II 



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BRISTOL, RHODE ISLAND 
^1901 




APR 16 1901 



VOL. II 




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NO. I 


NOTES 


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RHODE ISLAND 


ORNITHOLOGY 






JANUARY 


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APR 16 1901 

NOTES ON RHODE ISLAND ORNITHOLOGY. 
Vol. II. JANUARY. No. i. 



Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology, a quarterly publication for 
the purpose of furthering interest in ornithology in the State of Rhode 
Island. Published and edited by Reginald Heber Howe, Junior. Address,, 
Longwood, Brookline, Massachusetts. 

Terms, one dollar ($ i.oo) a year. Single numbers, twenty-five cents. 

(.25). 

All material for publication, advertisements, and booP s for review- 
should be sent to the Editor. 



The subscribers to ' Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology' with but a few 
exceptions have renewed their subscriptions for the year 1901 , thus showing 
both their appreciation of the paper, and their belief in the good work it 
is doing. It is hoped that those who have not as yet renewed their sub. 
scription will do so at once, that the paper may fulfill more thoroughly its 
purpose. 

The Editor wishes to thank Mrs. Le Roy King of Newport, Mrs. 
William Gammel of Providence, and Mrs. H. L. Russell of East Green- 
wich, for their liberality and public spirit in making it possible for 
him to send this publication to twelve of the larger public libraries of 
Rhode Island, both for the past and the current year. 



WINTER BIRDS OF LAKE WORDEN, WASHINGTON 
COUNTY, RHODE ISLAND— NOVEMBER 21 TO 
DECEMBER 24, 1900. 



During the period covered by these observations I was dom- 
iciled at Lake Cottage, a boarding-house located at the mouth of 
Mink Brook, in the township of South Kingston. The proprietor, 
Mr. Lorenzo A. Knowles, is quite familiar with the birds of the 
region, and imparted much information respecting the birds of 
other seasons and former years. He showed me mounted speci- 
mens of the Scarlet Tanager and Ruby-throated Hummingbird 
which he had taken at Lake Worden, Among the facts of in- 
terest learned from him are the presence in summer of a breeding 
colony of Cliff Swallows on the farm of Mr. Clark, a near neighbor ; 
and, according to Mr. Knowles and his son (Mr, John Kenyon 
Knowles), the Passenger Pigeon i^Ectopistes 7nigratoi'ius) is still 



2 Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 

resident and breeds sparingly in the Great Swamp of Richmond 
and South Kingston townships. Mr. John Kenyon Knowles saw 
" Wild Pigeons " on three occasions during my sojourn at his 
house, twice on the east side of Lake Worden (one November 24, 
and two December 8, 1900) and once on some burnt timber-lands 
near the saw-mill in the Great Swamp (small flock December 12, 
1900) . If these birds were not Mourning Doves, their occurrence 
is of considerable interest,, as the last Wild Pigeon known to have 
been taken in Rhode Island is supposed to have been killed in 
1886. 

Besides the birds positively identified, there were a few Ducks 
that I was unable to determine ; and Mr. Knowles and his son 
saw a Crow Blackbird on one or two occasions. Numerous nests 
of summer birds were observed, including those of Woodpeckers, 
Cuckoo, Red-winged Blackbird, Vireos, and others ; and there 
were unmistakable evidences of the former presence of the Yellow- 
bellied Sapsucker in apple-orchards. 

Mr. Samuel Eldred, of Wakefield, purchased from a gunner, 
late in November or early in December, a Woodcock weighing 
six ounces. Mr. Lorenzo A. Knowles once shot a Woodcock on 
Christmas day, near Lake Worden. 

The birds actually seen and identified were as follows : — 

Loon {Gaz'ia tmber). — One or more could almost always be seen on 
Lake Worden and Larkins Pond (about two miles north), until these 
■waters were frozen over, December 9. 

American Herring Gull {Larus argentatus). — Occasionally seen on 
Lake Worden until December 9. 

Ring-billed Gull (Z,rt;'«5 dela-warensis). — Three adults on Lake Wor- 
den, December 3, and one December 8, 1900. 

American Merganser {Merganser americanus) . — This species, locally 
known as the " Break-horn Sheldrake," is frequently associated with the 
next, resorting to air-holes in Lake Worden throughout the winter. 

Red-breasted Merganser {Merganser serrator). — Large flocks of this 
species and the preceding resorted to the air-holes in the lake as soon as 
the water was frozen. At dusk their peculiar voices were always heard. 
On the coldest days the air-holes were so reduced in size that all could 
not be accommodated and many were left standing upon the ice, in long 
rows, where the smaller size of the present species plainly distinguished 
them from the " Break-horns." 

Black Duck {Anas obscura). — About the middle of December, Black 
Ducks, which had hitherto been confined to such open streams as are 



Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. -2 

fed b}' warm springs, began to appear in air-holes on Lake Worden. 
They arrived towards sunset and apparently spent the night, returning 
to salt water in the morning. One was shot December 22, on Mink Brook, 
where some were usually present during my stay, as the water remained 
unfrozen. 

'Wood Duck (Aix spofisa). — Mr. Samuel Eldred shot three in Tuckers 
Pond, about a mile southeast of Lake Worden, in November, 1900. 

American Golden-eye {^Clangula cla7igula americand). — A flock of 
ten, mostly old males, seen on Larkins Pond, November 28, 1900. 

Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) . — Seven were on Lake Worden 
November 21, and pairs and small flocks were frequently seen thereafter 
until December 9, when the pond was closed by freezing. A passing 
flock was heard December 16. An adult male, taken December i, 1900, 
measured : Length, 655 mm.; alar expanse, 1760; wing, 500; tail, 200; 
culmen (chord), 58; tarsus, 96; middle toe with claw, 98. Iris, dark 
hazel. Legs and feet, olivaceous black; webs plumbeous black. Bill, 
black. Weight, gl pounds. 

Several farmers about Lake Worden keep domesticated Canada Geese, 
from which hybrids, mostly with the India Goose, are commonly reared 
for the market, commanding high prices. Pure Canada Geese are also bred 
in confinement, but do not fetch as much as the half-bloods, which are 
reputed to be peculiarly delicious food. 

Great Blue Heron {Ardea /lerodi'as).— One was seen on Lake Worden, 
December 3, 1900. 

Bob White {Colinus vtrginianus). — " Quail" are quite plentiful about 
Lake Worden. 

Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus'). — A few years ago "Partridges" 
became almost extinct about Lake Worden, most of the young birds hav- 
ing died from a disease known as " pips " ; but their nymbers have in- 
creased for several years past. At Rockville, town of Hopkinton, one 
market gunner killed nine and two others fourteen Ruffed Grouse in a 
day. These persons made their last shipment of thirty-four Grouse on 
December 11, 1900. 

Mr. Samuel Eldred, of Wakefield, Rhode Island, purchased, in Decem- 
ber, 1900, a Ruffed Grouse from Mr. Joshua T. Bradley, who stated that 
the bird was one of -several young Grouse caught by him in 1883, and 
marked by clipping off their hind and inner claws. This bird bore evi- 
dences of extreme age. 

Bald Eagle {^Haliceetus leucocephalus). — An immature bird was seen 
December 22. Eagles were formerly common about Lake Worden. 

Short-eared Owl (Asia accipitrinus). — Local name, "Bog Owl." A 
male was killed, December 19, 1900, in a Marsh at Goulds Neck Swamp, 
a few miles from Lake Worden, in the town of Charlestown. Its stomach 
was empty. 

Barred Owl {Syrnium nebulosuni). — A male was shot in the Great 
Swamp, December 21, 1900. Measurements: Length, 510 mm.; alar 



A Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 

expanse, 1125; wing, 350; tail, 235 ; cord of culmen and cere, taken 
together, 38; culmen (chord), 24; tarsus, 53; middle toe with claw, 56. 
Iris, very dark brown, appearing black. Bill and cere, greenish yellow, 
the latter slightly more greenish than the bill. Toes greenish yellow; 
claws, dusky plumbeous, horn color at base. 

Screech Owl {Megascops asio). — A male, gi-ay phase, was trapped De- 
cember 19, 1900, in a pigeon-cote, where it had recently killed a domestic 
Pigeon, remains of which constituted the sole contents of its stomach. 
Frequently heard throughout the period. Several were shot or caught in 
neighboring localities. 

Great Horned Owl {Bubo virginianus^. — Heard almost nightly, and 
occasionally seen, at twilight, about Lake Cottage. An Owl of some kind 
carried off meat with which our traps were baited, but eluded our efforts 
to entrap it. One was caught in a mink trap, on Point Judith Salt Pond, 
in December, 1900, and kept in captivity. 

Hairy Woodpecker {Dryobates villosus). — Rather uncommon and un- 
usually shy ; one or more seen almost daily during our stay. One shot, 
and one seen feeding, upon the ground, in a thicket. 

"Dovfny 'Woodi'p&ck&T [Dryobates pubescens medianus). — One taken No- 
vember 27, 1900; occasionally seen thereafter, but less frequently than the 
common type. 

Northern Flicker (^Colaftes auratus hiteus). — Frequently seen until 
December 24, sometimes several in one locality. Local name, " Pigeon 
Woodpecker." 

Horned Lark (Otocoris alfestris). — Small flocks were occasionally 
seen, usually in fallows, but much less commonly than along the coast. 

Blue Jay (^Cyanocitta cristata). — Common, but shy and secretive. 
Five specimens collected were all taken in traps set for mammals and 
baited with meat or apple. The outcry in Bluejayland when one of their 
number was entrapped could be heard for miles ; otherwise, they were 
more silent and prone to slyly disappear than I have known them else- 
where. Many old nests were seen. 

Ameiican Cto-w {Cor vus atnert'canKs). — The town of South Kingston 
has for years paid a bounty of twenty-five cents upon old Crows, and 
fifteen cents upon young ones. They have become scarce except for the 
occasional appearance of flocks of " coasters " from Narragansett Bay and 
the ocean. Several were seen daily during my residence at Lake Cottage, 
in which neighborhood it sometimes breeds. 

Meadowlark {Sturnella magna). — Occasionally seen in small flocks. 
Local name, "Marsh Quail." 

American Goldfinch (^Asfragalinus tristt's). — A flock of about thirty 
was always present at Lake Cottage, frequenting a vineyard and apple- 
orchard when the ground was bare, and descending to feed upon the 
birches in a neighboring cedar swamp whenever snow covered the ground. 
Other flocks were sometimes seen in the region. 

Snowflake (Plectropkenax nivalis). — An adult male was shot from a 



Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. t 

small flock swirling over the frozen lake, December 22, 1900. Local name, 
" Snow-Lark." 

Tree Sparrow (Sfizella monticola). — Many were present on my arrival 
at Lake Worden, November 21, and remained until my departure, Decem- 
ber 24. At first they were commonly seen in large flocks, but were lat- 
terly seen singly, in pairs, or in small groups. 

Slate-colored Junco {Junco hyemalis). — Occasionally seen throughout 
the period, but usually not abundant. 

Song Sparrow {Melospiza meloda). — Uncommon, but usually seen 
at intervals of a few days, infesting waterways and swampy thickets. 

Fox Sparrow (^Passerella tliaca'). — One November 26, and one Novem- 
ber 27, 1900, in a cedar swamp beside Lake Worden. 

House Sparrow (^Passer domesticus). — A nuisance at Lake Cottage. 
Flocks commonly resort to the farms, even those several miles from 
towns. 

Northern Shrike (^Lanius borealis). — Young specimens taken Novem- 
ber 23 and 28, 1900, had fed on beetles and other insects ; frequently 
seen thereafter. The first adult bird was seen December 21, others later. 
Local name, " Mock Hawk." It was seen pursuing small birds on sev- 
eral occasions. 

Myrtle Warbler {Dendroeca coronata). — Common and generally dis- 
persed, feeding on red juniper and bayberries. 

Winter Wren {^Troglodytes hyemalis). — Quite common, frequenting 
stumpy bogs and the vicinity of streams that remained unfrozen, often 
searching caves under the ice. 

Chickadee {Parus atricapillus). — Flocks of busy Chickadees were my 
constant companions when trapping, and they were not slow to avail 
themselves of the abundant supply of food which the meat used in bait- 
ing our traps furnished them. Mrs. Knowles caught one of them in her 
hand and then released it. 

Golden-crowned Kinglet {Regulus satrafa). — Common and generally 
distributed ; often seen in bushes on the pond shores. 

Hermit Thrush {^Hylocichla guttata pallasii). — One December 3, 1900. 

American Robin {Merula tnigratoria). — A few small flocks remained 
throughout the period. On December 19, there was a considerable flight 
of Robins across Lake Worden. 

Bluebird (^/a/Za 5/a//5). — Common throughout ; more so than I have 
found them before since the blizzards of recent years which killed so 
many of them. 

GENERAL NOTES. 

A Tern Colony. — Mr. John L. Livermore writes Mr. Edward Sturte- 
vant that there has been for a long time a small colony of Terns [Sterna 
Airundo) breeding on a long, low rock off " The Cliffs " at Newport, 
R. I., north of Rough Point. Editor. 



6 Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 

A Correction. — The fifteen Grackles reported under Spring Arrivals 
1900 at Bristol Ferry, March 7, in No. 2, p. 10, of this publication, should 
have been credited to Mr. E. Sturtevant, not to Mr. H. S. Hathaway. 

Rare Shore Birds taken in R. I. — The following Sandpipers were 
taken by Mr. Wm. R. Davenport at Middletown, R. I., this past autumn, 
1900 : Five Stilt Sandpipers {Mtcropalama himantopus) Aug. 25 ; nine, 
Aug. 27; two, Sept. 5; and one Sept. 8. One Buff-breasted Sandpiper 
(Tryftgites subruficollis) Sept. 10, and one Baird's Sandpiper (Tringa 
bairdii) Sept. 13. I saw and identified the Baird's, Buff-breasted, and 
three of the Stilts. 
Taunton, Mass., Oct. 26, 1900. A. C. Bent. 

The European Woodcock {Scolopax rusttcola) in R. I. — In C. J. 
Maynard's " Birds of Eastern United States," Revised Edition, 1896, 
p. 221, I find the following: "First recorded from New Jersey and 
Rhode Island by George W. [N.] Lawrence, in 1866," referring to the 
European Woodcock. Mr. Maynard's authority seems to be based on 
Baird, Brewer and Ridgway's " North American Birds " Water Birds, Vol. 
I, 1884, p. 181, from which I quote "Mr. George N. Lawrence cites 
another instance, where a friend of his shot, near Newport, R. I., a 
large Woodcock, which weighed fourteen ounces " ; as the identification is 
based alone on weight this species must be included as a Rhode Island 
bird with some misgivings. It is stated, however, " that our Woodcock 
rarely reaches and never exceeds nine ounces, while the usual weight of 
the European [bird] is fourteen." 
Cambridge, Mass., Nov., 1900. Glover M. Allen. 

The Olive-sided Flycatcher in R. I. — On May 24, 1900, at Chepachet, 
R. I., I saw a single Olive-sided Flycatcher. 
Chepachet, R. I., June 13, 1900. Julia M. Hill. 

A Trip to Cormorant Rock. — On Dec. i, 1900, the writer sailed off 
to Cormorant Rock on a shooting excursion. The following species of 
birds were observed on the Rock or in its immediate vicinity : Sheldrake 
{Merganser serrator), Eider {Somaterta dresserii), Purple Sandpiper 
(Tringa marititna], Golden Eye {Clangula c. americana), Black Duck 
(^Anas obscura), Surf Scoter {Oidemia p>erspicellata), American Scoter 
(O. a»»er/ca«a). White-winged Scoter (O. deglandi), Old Squaw {Harelda 
hyemalis), Harlequin Duck {Histrionicus kistrionicus), Cormorant (Pkala- 
crocorax carbo), Double-crested Cormorant {P. auritus), Canada Goose 
(Bratita canadensis). Herring Gull (^Larus argentatus^, Kittiwake {Rissa 
trydactyla), Bonaparte's Gull {JLarus Philadelphia), seven. Razor-billed 
Auks (Alca tarda), Briinnichs Murre {Uria lomvia). Horned Grebe {Col- 
ymbus auritus). Loon {^Gavia intber). About twenty Eider Ducks were 
seen and two Harlequins, one of which was shot. Numbers of Snow 
Buntings {Plectrophenan nivalis) were observed flying overhead. 

wport LzRoY KijSG. 



Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. h 

Unusual Abundance of the Coot and Other Notes. — A large flock of 
800 to 1000 Coot {Fulica americana) have been feeding in Point 
Judith Pond since the middle of October and were still there on Nov. 30, 
1900. This is the second year that they have been seen in such 
numbers. A fine male adult Pintail {Dafila acuta) was shot by Capt. 
H. M. Knowles, U. S. Life Saving Service, on Nov. 4, 1900, at Point Judith 
Pond, and was presented by him to the C. H. Smith Collection in the 
Museum of Natural History at Roger Williams Park. There was a 
female in company with this bird, and another party on the same day 
secured a male from a flock of about twenty. Dr. John W. Keefe, of 
Providence, informed me that he shot an adult male Baldpate {Mareca 
americana) at Point Judith marsh, during the latter part of Sept., 1900. 
Two were seen. A male Florida Gallinule i^Galli7tula galeata) was shot 
at Point Judith marsh on Nov. 29, 1900, which is a late date for it. There 
is in the C H. Smith Collection at Roger Williams Park a fine adult 
King Eider {Somateria spectabilts) which was shot between Narragansett 
Pier and Point Judith by Rowland A. Gavitt in February, 1897. It was in 
company with a small flock of American Eiders which had been feeding in 
this locality during the winter. 
South Auburn, Dec. 8, 1900. Harry S. Hathaway. 

Another Golden Eagle in Rhode Islahd. — Another Golden Eagle 
(^Aqicila chrysa'etos) has been taken in Rhode Island. This Eagle, a female, 
in nearly complete plumage, now in my collection, was shot November 
loth, 1900, in Tiverton, on a farm near Tiverton Four Corners, by a 
Portuguese farm-hand. 
Fall River, Mass., December 26, 1900. J. B. Richards. 

Autumn Notes from Rhode Island. — The Bay Snipe shooting this 
year (1900) at Newport and vicinity was poorer than usual owing to the 
excessive drought which dried up all the marshes. Towards the end of 
the summer, however, the writer made some fair bags. Among the birds 
he shot, the following records may be of interest ; July 23, English Snipe 
{^Gallinago delicata)\ July 29, one. Greater Yellowleg (Totanus tnelan- 
olenctis); Aug. 3, three Stilt Sandpipers {Macropalama himantopus) ; July 
16, one Dowitcher {Macrorliamphus grtseus) ; Aug. 23, one Stilt Sandpiper 
(Af. himaiitoptis) \ Sept. 8, one Baird's Sandpiper {Tringa bairdit) 
(recorded before) ; Sept. 11, two Dowitches (71/. ^r/5eK.':) ; Sept. 19, twenty- 
four Pectoral Sandpiper (Tringa maculata), six Golden Plover {Charad- 
rius dominicus), nine Greater Yellowlegs {T.melanoieuctis),thirteen Lesser 
Yellowlegs (T.J^avi'pes) ; Nov. 29, one English Snipe {G. delicata) ; Dec. 
I, one Harlequin Duck; Dec. 21, one Mallard. (Anas boschas) was taken 
near Prudence Island. 
Newport. Le Roy King. 

A Trip to Cormorant Rock. — I spent December 22, 23, and 24, 1900, 
with Mr. Edward Sturtevant at Newport. On the 22 we tramped out over 
the Second Beach Marshes, Middletown, and were interested to find a 



8 



Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 



large flocks of Snow Buntings {Plectropkenax nivalis) and Shore Larks 
{Otocoris alfestris) on the Sachuest Pt. uplands. Out of the flock of 
Shore Larks we took one specimen oi praticola. On our way back across 
the marshes we started a flock of seven wintering Savanna Sparrows 
{Passerculus s. savatma), they evidently winter here not irregularly. 
On the 33d we sailed from Newport around Breton's Reef to Cormorant 
Rock. Great numbers of old Squaws (Harelda hyemalis) and Mergansers 
{^Merganser serrator) were about, also five flocks of Black Duck (Anas 
obscura) beside Kittawakes [Rissa tridactyla), Loons {Gavia tmber), one 
Red-throated Loon (G. lumtne). We landed on the Rock, after starting 
from it a large flock of Cormorants, principally carbo, and two Purple 
Sandpipers {Tringa mariiima). Near the Rock a Red-necked Grebe 
(^Colymbus holboellii) was swimming. The day was mild enough for Sep- 
tember; the wind light S. W. 

Editor. 



ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE NOTES, 1900. 



Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus). Two, Sept. 25. 
Yellow-Palm Warbler {^Dendroeca^p. hypochrysea). One, 

Sept. 26. 
Black and White Creeper (Mniotilta varia). One, Oct. 7. 
Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americatius). One, Oct. 7. 
Turnstone {Arcnaria interfres). Two, Oct. 8. 
Red-eyed Vireo {Vireo olivaceits). One, Oct. 11. 
White-throated Sparrow {Zo?iotrichia albicollis). Flock., 

Oct. 11-13. 
Greater Scaup Duck {Ayt/iya fnarila). One $ , Oct. 14. 
Catbird (Galeoscoptes carolitiensis). One, Oct. 13. 
Brown Thrasher {Harforrhynchus rtifus). One, Oct. 13. 
Savannah Sparrow {Passerculus s. savanna). Two, 

Oct. 23. 
Snow Bunting [Plectroflienax nivalis). One, Oct. 31, 

Cranston. 



Vicinity 

of Newport, 

Louis diZeg- 

era Mearns. 



Harry S. 
Hathaway. 



PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED. 



Bird-lore, Vol. II, No. 4, 5, 6, Aug., Oct., Dec, 1900. 
The Auk, XVII, No. 3, 4, July, Oct., 1900. 

The Condor, Vol. II, No. 4, 5, 6, July and Aug., Sept. and Oct., Nov. 
and Dec. 1900. 

The Journal of the Maine Ornithological Society, Vol. II, No. 3 1900. 
The Wilson Bulletin, No. 32, Vol. VII, No. 3 July, 1900. 
Proc. of the Nebraska Ornithological Union, Jniuiary, 1900. 



Do you want to know the warblers? 

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* Warbler Songs/ because in it are described the 
songs of 46 species of warblers* Nowhere else will 
you find so many carefully described. 



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THE CONDOR, 

(BULLETIN OF THE COOPER ORNITHOLOGICAL CLUB.) 



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Edited by CHESTER BARLOW. Associated with Harry 
R. Taylor and Howard Robertson. 

THE CONDOR is a large octavo 20 to 24 page journal of 
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and value, from numerous field workers, and illustrated. 

Can you afford to miss the progress of ornithology in the Great 
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$1 per Year. Sample Copy, 20 cents. Volume I, complete $1. 

Address communications to C. Barlow, Editor. Santa Clara, 
Cal., or Donald A. Cohen, Business Manager, Alameda, Cal. 



APR 5 1901 



VOL. II 




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NO. 2 


NOTES 


ON 


RHODE 


ISLAND 

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APR 5 1901 . 

NOTES ON RHODE ISLAND ORNITHOLOGY. 

Vol. II. APRIL. No. 2. 

Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology, a quarterly publication for 
the purpose of furthering interest in ornithology in the State of Rhode 
Island. Published and edited by Reginald Heber Howe, Junior. Address, 
Longwood, Brookline, Massachusetts. 

Terms, one dollar ($1.00) a year. Single numbers, twenty-five cents. 

(•25)- 

All material for publication, advertisements, and books for review 
should be sent to the Editor. 



The winter of 1900-01 has been exceedingly barren of birds 
throughout New England, Rhode Island being no exception. This 
number therefore is necessarily scant, and the editor wishes to take 
this opportunity when the paper affords room to point out some 
birds which it is hoped Rhode Island ornithologists will keep in 
mind, that either their status within our limits may be better 
known, or that in some cases we may add them to our fauna. 

Those about which we need more data are as follows : Acadian 
Sharp-tailed Sparrow {Ammodramus jielsoni suhvir gains) , dates of 
migration; American Crow {Connis amerkanus) and American 
Robin {Mcnila migratoria)^ theW roosts ; Hooded Warbler {Wil- 
sonia mitrata) , whether it does not occur sparingly on the southern 
border of the State. 

A sharp lookout should also be kept for the following species as 
they should occur in the State: Parasitic Jaeger {Stercorarius par- 
asitciis), Northern Eider {Somateria m. borealis), Clapper Rail {^Ral- 
lus crepitans)^ Alder Flycatcher {E7npidotiax t. alhoruvi), Greater 
Redpoll {Acanthis l. rostratd), Nelson's Sparrow (^Ammodramus iiel- 
soni). Rough-winged Swallow {Stelgidopteryx serripennis)^ Worm- 
eating Warbler {Hebnitherus vej-viivorus), the two latter birds have 
been found in Connecticut a little way over the Rhode Island line. 



WATER-BIKD SHOOTING ABOUT NEWPORT FROM 

1867 TO 1874. 

The following list of birds is sent me by Mr. Edward Sturtevant, 
which were killed by a single gunner, Mr. Robt. L. Dring, on the 
Newport and Jamestown marshes. This list not only shows 



^•'■-y-,.:riv»:^3CTK 



"^aT- 



lO Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 

how scarce our water-birds are now, to what they used to be, but 
why they have become scarce. Mr. Dring is to be praised over 
other gunners on having made careful notes on his shooting, as 
the present data is of interest and of scientific value : 
1867: Porzana carolhia (Sora Rail) Sept. 23-24 ^ 29 birds. 

Philohcla m?'nor (Woodcock) Nov. i to 5 :^ 7 birds. 

Gallinago delicata (Snipe) Aug. 28 to Oct. 14^47 birds. 

Macro y rhamphus griseus (Dowitcher) Aug. 8 to 23^81 birds. 

Microfalama kitnantopus (Mongrel) Aug. 8 to 21^32 birds. 

Tringa caittitiis (Robin Snipe) Aug. 20 to Sept. 10 = 32 birds. 

Trifiga maculata (Creeker) Aug. 11 to Oct. 20 := 402 birds. 

Tringa alphia pacijica (Winter Snipe) Oct. 2 to 14 = 9 birds. 

Limosa fedoa (Big Marlin) Aug. 18 =4 birds. 

Umosa hamastica (Ring-tailed Marlin) Aug. 12 to Sept. 15 = 21 
birds. 

Tota7ius melanoleucus (Big Legs) Aug. 18 to Oct. 4= 135 birds. 

TotaiiHs flavipes (Yellow-legs) Aug. 8 to Sept. 18:= 135 birds.' 

Synipheviia ievtipabnata (Willet) Aug. 24^7 birds. 

Niimeniits hudsoiiicus (Jack Curlew) Aug. 26= 12 birds. 

C/iaradr/us dom/fiicHS (Green-heads) Aug. 25 to Sept. 17 = 55 birds. 

Anas obsciira (Black Duck) Sept. 15 to Oct. 14 = 4 birds. 

Dajila acuta (Gray Duck) Sept. 21=2 birds. 

^iierqiiedula discors (Blue-winged Teal) Sept. 1 to 20^43 birds. 

Total, 1050 birds. 
1868: Gallinago delicata, Aug. 12 to Nov. 11 =65 birds. 

Macrorr/iaiupktis griseus, July 24 to Oct. 2 = 98 birds. 

Tringa viaculata, July 24 to Oct. 19=: 92 birds. 

Limosa fedoa, Aug. 30 to Oct. 2 = 10 birds. 

Limosa hcB7nastira, Aug. 19 to Oct. 3 = 4 birds. 

Totanus melanoleucus, Aug. 14 to Oct. 11 := 94 birds. 

Tota?ius Jiavipes, July I4 to Sept. 27 = 291 b'rds. 

Symphemia semipalmata, Aug. 21^2 birds. 

Charadrius dominicus, Aug. 14 to Sept. 24=: 47 birds. 

y^giahtis vocifera, Aug. i := i bird. 

Arenaria interpres, Sept. 3-5 = 4 birds. 

^uerquedula discors, Sept. 23 = 3 birds. 

Ana<! obscura, Oct. 16= 1 bird. 

Dajila acuta, Oct. 2 to Nov. 11=2 birds. 

Ckaulelastnus strcperus (Widgeon) Oct. 8. = 7 birds. 

yEx sponsa (Wood Duck) Sept. 26= 2 birds. 

Nyroca marila (Broad-bills) Oct. i to 21 := 27 birds. 

Charitonetta albeola (Buffle-head) Nov. 5 i= 15 birds. 

Rallus virginianus (Virginia Rail) Aug. 10 to Sept. 12 =5 birds. 

Porzana Carolina, Sept. 2 to Oct. 7=4 birds. 



Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 1 1 

Colinus virginianus (Q^iail) Oct. 15 to Nov 11 = 37 birds. 
Ectofistes migratoriiis (Wild Pigeon) Oct. 19=1 bird. 

Total, S12 birds. 
( Zb be continued.) 



GENERAL NOTES. 

Spring Arrival Notes. — Robins arrived here at Newport on March 3, 
and Purple Grackles on March 18. The first flock of Red-winged Black- 
birds, six in number, came on March 18 and Cowbirds on the 24th. There 
have been a great many Horned Grebes about of late off the shore. 
Newport, March 21, 1900. Edward Sturtevant. 

Second Record of the Henslow's Sparrow for R. I. — Messrs. A. C. 
Bent of Taunton and Owen Durfee of Fall River, upon the occasion of 
a recent \isit in looking over mv collection found a specimen of a joung 
Henslow's Sparrow {^Ainmodrainus hetislowt) which I had mistaken for 
a young Yellow-winged Sparrow and had labelled it as such. The bird was 
taken Oct. 6, 1898 in Warwick, R. I., near the Pawtuxet River and at the 
tiine it was alone feeding in some white birch saplings. 

The only other record is a male taken the last of April 1874 in Cranston 
by Mr.»F. T. Jencks, and recorded in the "Birds of Rhode Island" by 
Howe and Sturtevant. 
South Auburn, R. I. H. S. Hathaway. 

Uria troile in Rhode Island. — Although Mr. Sturtevant and I included 
the Murre in our " Birds of Rhode Island " I now doubt very much 
whether this bird has a right to a place in our fauna. After careful exam- 
ination of many specimens from' Massachusetts in connection with my 
work on the birds of that State soon to be published, I failed to find a 
single authentic specimen, though the species has been attributed to the 
State for years. I have not examined the specimen recorded taken at 
Point Judith, but I have little doubt it would prove on careful examination 
to be Uria lomvia. 
Longwood, Mass. Editor. 

Winter Notes. While out for a walk on Dec. 30, 1900, in Warwick, I 
started a flock of 8 or 10 Blue Jays out of a small swamp and was much 
surprised to see a Grackle (species ?) fly into a inaple sapling. I have 
visited the swamp three times since but have been unable to find the bird 
again. 

Bluebirds have been around my house all winter; two males and a 
female having been noted in December and January on several occasions. 

The first Red-wing Blackbird, a $, arrived here on March 15 and a 
Kingfisher was heard on the i6th. 

The warm weather of yesterday (the i8th) brought a bird wa\e and I 



12 Notes ON Rhode Island Ornithology. 

noted the first Robins (2), First Grackles (sp. ?) 34, and a flock of Wild 
Geese at night. This morning, the 19th, heard first Cowbird (i), several 
Robins and Red-wings. 
South Auburn, R. I. H. S. Hathaway. 

Additional Bibliography to " Howe's and Sturtevant's Birds of 
Rhode Island." 
1844. Giraud, J. P., Jr., " The Birds of Long Island," Wilej & Putnam, 

New York. Trtnga Bartramia " In Rhode Island, .... common 

.... called by the name of •' Gray,' .... and Field .... Plover," .p. 

227. Numeniiis borealis "In .... Rhode Island, this species is seen 

each season." p. 274. 
.1859. Anon. "Birds of the Night," Mention of Mockingbird. Atlantic 

Monthly', Vol. 4, Aug., pp. 171-183. 
1869. "Florida Gallinule from Easton's Pond, Newport, R. I. [presented 

to the Boston Soc. Nat. Hist.] by Mr. John Ennis." Proc. Boston 

Soc. Nat. Hist. Vol. XII, p. 63. 
1876. "Two Specimens of the King Duck [Somtiteri'a spectabilis\^ shot 

and presented by Messrs. G. A. Kendall and S. [G.] H. Mackay, at 

Saughkennet [Sakonnet] Point, R. I., were shown." Vol. XIX, 

P- 77- 

1883. Ingersoll, Ernest. " Common Names of American Birds," Bull. 
Nutt. Orn. Club. Vol. VIII, No. 2, p. 77. Cistothorus paliistris 

■ known as " Reed Warblers." 

1884. Baird, Brewer and Ridgway "North American Birds," W'ater 
Birds, Vol. i, Notes on European Woodcock, p. iSi. Note on 
Barti-amia lo?igtcauda, p. 298, and also on Numenius borealis, p. 321. 

1894. Editor. Capture of American Egret at Seaconnet, and Duck 
Hawk at Newport. The Museum. Vol. I, No. i, Nov., p. 17. 

1895. Trowbridge, C. C. " Hawk Flights in Connecticut." Applicable and 
with much of interest on Rhode Island. Auk, Vol. XII, No. ^, p. 

259- 

1896. Maynard, C. J., "Birds of Eastern United States," Note on 

European Woodcock, p. 221. 

1897. Howe, Reginald Heber, Jr. The American Osprey at Bristol, 
R. I. Osprey, Vol. 2, No. 3, Nov., p. 40. 

1897. Newbury, F. E. "An Osprey's Nest on a Windmill." Osprey, 

Vol. 2, No. 4, Dec, p, 55. 
1899. Austin, John Osborne. "The Journal of William Jefferay, 

Gentleman," Providence. A few remarks on the common bird.s of 

the State. 

1899. Hathaway, H. S. "Rare Birds in Rhode Island." The Osprey. 
Vol. IV, No. 4, Dec, p. 59. 

1900. Mearns, E. A. " The Newport Robin." Bird-Lore, Vol. II, No. 4, 
Aug., pp. 118, 119. 

1900. "Notes on Rhode Island Ornithologj," Vol.1. Edited by 
Reginald Heber Howe, Jr., Bristol, R. I. 



Do you want to know the warblers? 

Then you want The Wilson Bulletin, No. 30, 
'Warbler Songs/ because in it are described the 
songs of 46 species of warblers. Nowhere else will 
you find so many carefully described. 



Send twenty-five one cent stannps to Lynds Jones, Oberlin. 
Ohio, to-day and receive a copy by return mail. 

SPECIMENS FOR SALE. 

OVER 1,000,000 

STUFFED ANIMALS, HEADS, BIRDS, 
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Frank Blake Webster Co. Hyde Park, Mass., U. S. A. 

THE CONDOR, 

(BULLETIN OF THE COOPER ORNITHOLOGICAL CLUB.) 



Piubllshed Bi=noinitll]iIy, $11 per Year. 



Edited by CHESTER BARLOW. Associated with Harry 
R. Taylor and Howard Robertson. 

THE CONDOR is a large octavo 20 to 24 page journal of 
Pacific Coast ornithology, filled with articles of special interest 
and value, from numerous field workers, and illustrated. 

Can yoLi afford. to miss the progress of ornithology in the Great 
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Address communications to C. Barlow, Editor. Santa Clara, 
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JAN ^0 1903 



VOL. II 


nx 


0^ 




NO. 3 


NOTES 


ON 


RHODE ISLAND 


ORNITHOLOGY 








JULY 










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i- 'BRISTOL 
RHODE ISLAND 


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JAN 30 1903 



NOTES ON RHODE ISLAND ORNITHOLOGY. 



Vol. II. JULY. No. 3. 

Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology, a quarterly publication for 
the purpose of furthering interest in ornithology in the State of Rhode 
Island. Published and edited by Reginald Heber Howe, Junior. Address, 
Longwood, Brookline, Massachusetts. 

Terms, one dollar ($1.00) a year. Single numbers, twenty-five cents. 

(■25)- 
All material for publication, advertisements, and books for review 

should be sent to the Editor. 



WATER-BIRD SHOOTING ABOUT NEWPORT FROM 

1867 TO 1874. 

( Continued^ 

Autumn. 

1869 : 'Gallinago delicata, Aug. 10 to Oct. 15^ 27 birds. 

Macrorrkamfhus griseua, July 21 to Sept. 7^ 128 birds. 

Alicropalaina kimantopus, Aug. 20 to Sept. 9=;= 15 birds. 

Tringa maculata, ]\\\y 22 to Oct. 11 =218 birds. 

Tringa canutus, Aug. i to Sept. 14^ 108 birds. 

Ltvtosa fedoa, Sept. 5=1 bird. 

Limosa hcemastica, July 29 to Oct. 9= 23 birds. 

Totaniis melaftoleuctis^ July 22 to Oct. 26^ 128 birds. 

Totanusjlavipes, July 16 to Sept. 22 ^ 298 birds. 

SympJiemia semifalmata, Aug. 8 to Sept. 18 = 34 birds. 

Charadrius dojninicus, Aug. 27 to Oct. 9 = 40 birds. 

^^gialitis vocifera, July 21^1 bird. 

Bartramia longicauda (Grass Plover), Aug. 31 = 5 birds. 

^uerquedula dtscors, Sept. 2 to 22 ^35 birds. 

Nettion carolineme (Green-winged Teal) Nov. 7 = 4 birds. 

Anas obsciira, Oct. 19^1 bird. 

Dajila acutely Sept. 9^1 bird. 

Nyroca marila (Scaup Duck^) Nov. 7^ 11 birds. 

Nyroca vallisneria (Canvas-back), Oct. 9^2 birds. 



1 Birds before called Nyroca marila should have been called Brismatura 
jamaicensis. 



I A. Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 

Nyroca americana (Red-head), Oct. 17 to Nov. 7 = 4 birds. 

Charitonetta albeola^ Oct. 27 to 30= 19 birds. 

Ertsmatura Jamaicensis (Broad-bill), Sept. 2 to Nov. 7= 163 birds. 

Ralliis virginianus, July 27= I bird. 

Porzana Carolina, Aug. 25 to Sept. 13=: 2 birds. 

Fulica americana (Pond Coot), Sept. 29 to Oct. 24=: 56 birds. 

Total, 1306 birds. 

Spring. 

1870 : Gallinago delicata, Apr. 23 to 24 = 27 birds. 

Nyroca vallisneria, April ::= i bird. 

Autumn. 

Gallifiago delicata, July 30 to Nov. 3^16 birds. 

Macrorrhamphus griseus, July 15 to Oct. 20= 190 birds. 

Micropalama kimaniopus, July 31 to Sept. 61=46 birds. 

Tringa tnaculaia, July 16 to Oct. 20= 134 birds. 

Triuga camitus, Aug. 18 to Sept. 6= 56 birds. 

Limosa fedoa, Aug. 12 = 2 birds. 

Totaniis melanoleucus, July 20 to Nov. 4=: 75 birds. 

Totanus flavifes, July 13 to Oct. i ^382 birds. 

Numerius longirostris (Long-billed Curlew), July 15= i bird. 

Arenaria iiiterpres (Rock Plover), Aug. 28 to Sept. 4:= 21 birds. 

Charadrius dominicus^ Aug. 12 to Oct. 6 = 56 birds. 

./Egialitis vocifera, Aug. 20 ^ I bird. 

^uerquedtila discors, Aug. 31 to Nov. 5^5 birds. 

Nettion carolifiense, Sept. 2 to Oct. 31 ^ 17 birds. | 

Anas obscura, Sept. 20 to Nov. iS^ 16 birds. 

A7ias boschas (Mallard), Oct. 22 =4 birds. 

Nyroca marila, Oct. 28 to Nov. r = 15 birds. 

.^x sponsa, July 30 to Oct. 20 = 14 birds. 

Eristnatiira Jamaicensis, July 30 to Oct. 26 = 42 birds. 

Charitonetta albeola, Nov. i to 3 = 4 birds. 

Chaiilelasinus stereperus, Nov. 18= i bird. 

Branta canadensis (Canada Goose), Nov. 1=1 bird. 

Porzaiia Carolina, Aug. 30 to Oct. 18 = 21 birds. 

Fulica americana, Sept 27 to Nov. 5 = 64 birds. 

Total, 1 178 birds. 

Spring. 

1871 : Gallinago delicata, Mar. 26 to Apr. 26. = 236 birds. 

Totanus melanoleiccus. May 9 to 14 = 22 birds. 



Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. XC 



Autumn. 

Macrorrhamphus griseus, July 7 to Aug. 24 ^ 81 birds. 
TotanusJiavipes,]u\.y 7 to Aug. 27 = 192 birds. 
Sytnphemia se7nipahnata , July 11 to Aug. 8 = 22 birds. 
MKropalayna himatitopus, July 14 to Aug. 13 = 9 birds. 
Gallinago delicata, Aug. 13 to Nov. 14 = 50 birds. 
Bartrainia longt'cauda, Aug. 15 to 23 = 11 birds. 
Tringa camittis, Aug. 17 to 18 = 23 birds. 
Arenaria interpres, Aug. 18 = i bird. 
Porzana Carolina^ Aug. 18 to Oct. 6 = 31 birds. 
Totanus inelanoleucus^ -A-Ug. 26 to Oct. 31 = 50 birds. 
^terquedula discors, Aug. 27 to Sept. 26 = 2 birds. 

Gallinula } Sept. 28 = 4 birds. 

Philohela minor, Sept. 9 to 13 = 6 birds. 

Charadrius .domiiiicus, Sept. 10 to Oct. 24. = 36 birds. 

Rallus virginianus, Sept. 14 ^ i bird. 

Tringa maculata, Sept. 22 to Oct. 18 = 43 birds. 

Anas obscttra, Sept. 30 to Oct. 7 = 3 birds. 

Colinus virginianus, Oct. lO = 24 birds. 

Erismatura Jamaicetisis, Oct. 15 to Nov. 14 = 30 birds. 

FuUca a}7ierica?ia, Oct. 24 to Nov. 14 = 16 birds. 

Nyroca 7narila, Oct. 31=1 bird. 

Nettion carolinense, Nov. 5 = 1 bird. 

^x sponsa, Nov. 1 1 = i bird. 

Total, 896 birds. 

(To be co7itinuedS) 



GENERAL NOTES. 

Various Notes : Parasitic Jaegers in R. I. — Mr. Joel W. White shot 
three Siercorarius parasiiicits at Charlestovvn Beach, R. I. on Sept. 2, 
1897. 

One of these was mounted and is now in the Charles H. Smith collec- 
tion at Roger Williams Park. The other two were given to friends and 
their disposition is unknown. They were all in the young plumage. 

Two Records of the Blue-winged Yellow Warbler. — While walking 
through an old orchard grown vip to brush and briers in Ilopkinton, R. I. 
June 7, 1901, my attention was attracted by an unusually queer song 
which I had not previously heard. After several attempts to discover 
the bird it alighted in a little oak sapling and I secured the specimen 
which proved to be a Blue-winged Yellow Warbler. (Hebnintkopkila 
pi/iiis. From the nature of the location I was much inclined to believ^ 



1 6 Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 

that this bird had a nest there, but all attempt to find it proved fruitless. 
There is a male of this species in the Charles H. Smith collection at 
Roger Williams Park which was shot at Stump Hill Pond near Paw- 
tucket, May 30, 1883. 

Henslow's Sparrow a Summer Resident in Southern R. I. — On June 
6, 1901, in a wet meadow, near Brightman's Pond, Westerly, I heard the 
queer song of a Henslow's Sparrow {^Ammodratnus kenslowi) and soon 
saw the bird perched on a small bush singing its weird note. I visited 
the meadow again on June 8 and heard the same male undoubtedly and 
in an adjoining meadow there was another male singing. No doubt this 
species breeds with us, and further search will probably extend their 
range. 
South Auburn, R. I., June 13, 1901. Harry S. Hathaway. 



PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED. 

Bird-Lore, Vol. Ill, Nos. i, 2, 3, Jan. and Feb., Mar. and Apr., May and 
June, 1901. 

The Auk, Vol. XVIII, No. i, 2, Jan., Apr., 1901. 

The Bittern, Vol. I, No. i, Jan., 1901. 

The Condor, Vol., Ill, Nos. i, 2, 3, Jan. and Feb., Mar. and Apr., May and 
June, 1901. 

The Journal of the Maine Ornithological Society, Vol. II, No. 4, Oct., 
1900 and Vol. Ill, Nos. i, 2, Jan., and Apr., 1901. 

The Osprey, Vol. V, Nos. i, 2, 3, 4, 5, Sept. and Oct., Nov. and Dec, 
1900. Jan. and Feb., Mar. and Apr. May, 1901. 

The Petrel, Vol. I, No. i, Jan., 1900. 

The Wilson Bulletin, No. 33, Vol. VII, No. 4. Oct., 1900. 




VOL. II 


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NO. 4 


NOTES 


ON 


RHODE 


ISLAND 


ORNITHOLOGY 






OCTOBER 










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RHODE ISLAND 





OCT 17 1901 



NOTES ON RHODE ISLAND ORNITHOLOGY. 



Vol. II. . OCTOBER. No. 4 

Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology, a quarterly publication for 
the purpose of furthering interest in ornithology in the State of Rhode 
Island. Published and edited by Reginald Heber Howe, Junior. Address, 
Longwood, Brookline, Massachusetts. 

Terms, one dollar ($1.00) a year. Single numbers, twenty-five cents 

(•25)- 

All material for publication, advertisements, and books for review 
should be sent to the Editor. 

With this issue the second volume of " Notes on Rhode Island 
Ornithology " is completed. The Editor hopes that all sub- 
scribers will at once renew their subscriptions that the publication 
of Volume III may be assured, for without doubt the paper is 
filling a needed place, and is worthy of maintenance. 



The death by apoplexy on July 27, 1901, of Mr. S. Newton 
Dexter, of Providence, at Sakonnet Point, R. I., removed one of 
Rhod.e Island's most active and prominent scientists and ornitholo- 
gists. Mr. Dexter was widely known among scientists, and the 
late work on the " Birds of Rhode Island " in which his name 
appears more than any other observer and collector proves the 
valuable work he did both for the advancement of knowledge and 
the furthering of collections. 

The authors of the volume on Rhode Island birds are now 
particularly glad that their work was completed before Mr. Dexter's 
untimely death, for without his generous and unstinted aid the 
work must have fallen far short of completeness ; and the present 
paper received from him encouragement to the extent of valuable 
communications and advanced subscription. 

Rhode Island ornithologists will do well to follow the example 
of Mr. Dexter, and thus somewise carry on the untiring work he 
laid down. 



1 8 Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 

BIRDS OBSERVED ON PRUDENCE ISLAND, NARRA- 
GANSETT BAY, RHODE ISLAND. 

BY LOUIS DI ZEREGA MEARNS. 

On August 30, 1901, my father and I spent eleven hours on 
Prudence Island, Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island, and while 
there observed the following birds : 

Common Tern {Sterna hirundo). — Flocks on the bay. 

White-winged Scoter (CEdemia deglandi). — One shot on the shore of 
Prudence Island. This was undoubtedly a " pensioner " or wounded bird. 
As they are not often seen in summer, the coloration of the soft parts were 
noted, as follows : An immature male, having a whitish breast and a 
white spot under the eye. Iris white. Bill plumbeous-black, transversely 
banded with white (in middle) and pink (on sides). Legs and feet, blackish 
slate, with tarsi and toes madder-brown anteriorly, obscurely dusky in 
median stripes. The gullet was empty ; but the gizzard contained a good 
handful of gravel and shells of the common mussel {Mytihis ediilis Linn- 
aeus) and the periwinkle (Littorina littorea Linnaeus). The largest 
mussel measured 43 X 24 X 20 mm., and the largest stone 25 X 18 X 12 
mm. The valves of the mussels were separate, but all matched, showing 
that the mollusks had been swallowed whole. 

King Eider (Somateria spectabilis). — Skeleton found on the beach. 
Skull preserved and identified by Dr. Robert Ridgway. 

Green Heron (Ardea virescens). — Two were seen near a small pond, 
living among button-bushes. 

Black-crowned Night Heron {Nycticorax nycticorax ntEvius). — The 
Night-Heroriry to which reference is made by Mr. Reginald Heber Howe, 
Jr., in " Birds of Rhode Island," is still occupied. It is located in a giove 
of soft maple trees, from which we flushed about 25 Night Herons at four 
o'clock in the afternoon. 

Least Sandpiper {Tringa mmutilla). — One shot on beach. 

Semipalmated Sandpiper {Ereiinetes fusillus). — Very abundant along 
the shore. Two shot. 

Spotted Sandpiper {Aciitis macular id). — Three were seen on the beach. 

Semipalmated Plover [yEgialiiis se7nipalmata). — One. small flock seen. 
An immature female shot. 

Turnstone (Arenaria tnterpres).—Tvio were, seen along the beach in 
company with a flock of Ring Plovers. 

Marsh Hawk (Circus kudsonitis). — One, a brown bird, was seen cours- 
ing the island in search of prey. 

American Osprey [Pandiou kaliaetus carolifiensis). — Several were seen 
flying over and chirping like half-grown chickens. Eight were visible at 
once, 



Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. Ig 

Belted Kingfisher {Ceryle alcyon). — Two were seen. 

Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Trochilus colubris). — Common, fre- 
quenting especially the flowering jewel weeds. 

Kingbird [Tyrannus tyra7i)ius). — Very abundant. Three shot at once. 

American Crow {Corvus americaims). — Common in small parties. 
About 5 o'clock a flock of several hundred appeared on the highest part of 
the island. Shells of clams, oysters, mussels, and many other littoral 
shells have been scattered all over the island by Crows. 

Cowbird (Molothrtis ater). — One female seen on an old fence-post. 

Meadowlark [Sttirnella magna). — Several seen in marshy meadows. 

American Goldfinch {Astragalmus tristis). — A great many were seen 
flj'ing overhead. 

Vesper Sparrow [Pooecetes grami'neus). — One seen. 

Savanna Sparrow {Passerculussaiidwicfietisis savanna). — About twenty 
seen in marshes and old fields. 

Song Sparrow [Melospiza nieloda). — Very common everywhere; feed- 
ing on small purple berries. 

Towhee (Pipilo crythrophthalmiis). — About ten seen or heard. 

Barn Swallow {Hiriindo erythrogastra). — A few seen flying over a 
marsh. 

Tree Swallow {Tachyctneta hicolor). — Very abundant. Fifty were 
seen on one small dead limb of a mulberry-tree. Hundreds of them were 
perched on a barn. 

Cedar Waxwing [Amfelis redrorrtm) . — Two were seen flying overhead. 

Migrant Shrike {Lanius ludovicianus tnigrans William Palmer). — One 
was shot on a fence-post, near the residence of Mr. Daniel Chase. This 
bird Avas at once luailed, in the flesh, to Mr. J. William Critchley, the 
well-known taxidermist, to his old address in Providence, together with a 
letter requesting him to mount the Shrike and send it to the Natural His- 
tory Museum, in Roger Williams Park, as a present from me; but Mr. 
Critchle}' having recently moved to New York, both the letter and package 
were forwarded, and the latter disappeared. This bird bore slight triices 
of immaturity, and, from its large size, it was doubtless a male. Its meas- 
urements were as follows : Length, 237; alar expanse, 324; wing, 104; 
tail, 106 ; culmen (chord), 16.3; tarsus, 26.5 ; middle toe and claw, 23 mm. 
This makes the third record for the State. 

Maryland Yellow-throat {Geothlypis trichas brachidactyla). — Two 
shot ; others seen. 

Catbird ( Galeoscoptes carolinensis). — Abundant. One young male shot. 

Brown Thrasher (Harporrkynckus' rufus). — Two seen in the under- 
brush. 

Chickadee (Parus airicapi'llus). — Several seen and heard; one young 
male shot. 

American Robin (Merula migratoria). — Very common everywhere. 
One young female, scarcely able to fly, was shot. 



20 Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 

I 
WATER-BIRD SHOOTING ABOUT NEWPORT FROM j 

1867 TO 1874. j 

{To be continued.) [ 

Spring. ; 

1872: Galh'nag-o delicata, March 2^ to May s = 2^6 birds. i 

An(is obsctcra, April 22 = i bird. j 

Autumn. 

Philohela minoj', Julj 8 to Nov. 16 = 126 birds. 

Mtcrofalaina hunantofus, July 18 to Sept. 19 =6 birds. | 

Tota7ius Jlavipes, July 18 to Sept. 30 = 293 birds. 

Bart7-amia lo7tgicauda, Aug. 2 to Sept. 7=4 birds. i 

MacrorrJiamphtis griseus., Aug. 4 to Sept. 5 ^ 81 birds. < 

Symj)ke7nta setnipahnaia, Aug. 9 = 9 birds. . : 

Anas obscura, Aug. 10 to Oct. 25 = 7 birds. 

Porzana Carolina, Aug. 17 to Oct. 4 = 9 birds. • 

Totanus tnelanoleucus, Aug. 19 to Oct. 20 = 108 birds. ' 

Arenaria interpres., Aug. 21 = 6 birds. , 

Charadrius dominicics, Aug. 26 to Sept. 22 = 32 birds. 

Rallus virgi?iianus.i Aug. 28 = 10 birds. 

^uerqiiedula discors, Sept. i to 18 = 40 birds. 

Kris7natura jamaice7isis, Sept. 3 to Oct. 23 =30 birds. 

I^i77iosa k(S77iastica., Sept. 11 to 20 = 16 birds. 

Tringa 7nacidata, July 18 to Oct. 9 = 178 birds. 

Nettio7i carolinense, Sept. 18 to Oct. 21 = 23 birds. 

ySx sponsa, Sept. 18=4 birds. 

Dafila acuta, Sept. 20 to Oct. 21 = 9 birds. 

Fulica a7ne>'ica7ta, Sept. 26 to Oct. 9 = 28 birds. 

Coli7ius vi}ginia7ius, Oct. 15 to Nov. 16= 80 birds. 

Spatula clypeata, Oct. 21=2 birds. 

Charitonetta albeola, Oct. 23 = 4 birds. 

Mareca a7nerica7ia, Oct. 25 = 4 birds. 

Total, 1356 birds. 

Spring. 

1873: Gallinago delicata, March 27 to April 28 = 349 birds. 
Bra7ita canade7isis, April 3 = 3 birds. 

Autumn. 

Philohela 7ninor, July 5 to 31 = 276 birds. 
Totanus Jlavipes, Aug. i to Sept. 24 = 395 birds. 



Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 21 

Totamis melanoleuctis^ Aug. 19 to Oct. 19=: 419 birds. 
Macrorrkampkus g-riseiis, Aug. i to 21^161 birds. 
Nu7nenius lofigirostris, Aug. 2 to 14 = 8 birds. 
Microfalama hiinaiitoptcs, Aug. 3 to 20=:; 42 birds. 
Symphemia semipalmaia, Aug. 4 to 19= 29 birds. 
Tringa maculata, Aug. 4 to Oct. 19 = 602 birds. 
Li7nosa hcemastica, Aug. 29 to Oct. 13 =: 24 birds. 
Limosa fedoa, Aug. 6 to 24 = 9 birds. 
Triiiga canutus, Aug. 12 to 30^ 79 birds. 
Charadrius domini'cus, Aug. 26 to Oct. 13 = 126 birds. 
Dafila acuta, Sept. 10 to Oct. 8=15 birds. 
Anas obscura, Sept. 10 to Oct. 22 = 16 birds. 
Nu7nenius ktidsonicus, Sept. 26 =: 7 birds. 
Rrismatura jamaicensis^ Sept. 27 to Nov. 7^31 birds. 
Gallinago delicata, Sept. 3 to Oct. 19 =: 144 birds. 
Spatula clypeata, Oct. 2 =: 2 birds. 
Mareca americana, Oct. 8 = 3 birds. 
Fulica americana, Oct. 15 = 15 birds. 
Charitonetta albeola, Oct. 20:= 26 birds. 
Nettton carolinense, Oct. 25 to Nov. 2 = 10 birds. 
Nyroca affinis^ Nov. ^ = 2 birds. 

Total, 2790 birds. 

Spring. 
1874 : Gallinago delicata, April 2 to 29 = 219 birds. 

Autumn. 

Philohela minor, July 6 to 20 = 38 birds. 
TotanusJlavipes,]u\y 22 to Sept. 19 = 513 birds. 
Totamis melanoleucus, Aug i to Oct. 18 = 353 birds. 
Microfalama himantopus, July 6 to Aug. 23 = 69 birds. 
Macrorrhamphus griseus, July 24 to Aug. 23 = 238 birds. 
Tringa maculata, July 26 to Oct. 20 =: 668 birds. 
Tringa canutus, Aug. 3 to Sept. 7 = 93 birds. 
Symphemia sejnipahnata, Aug. 4 to 15 = 12 birds. 
Litnosa hcemastica, Aug. 10 to Sept. 30 = 16 birds. 
Porzana Carolina, Aug. 10 = 12 birds. 
Bartramia longicauda, Aug. 15 to 24 = 5 birds. 
Charadrius dominica, Aug. 27 to Oct. 24 = 86 birds. 
Numenius longirostris, July 29 = i bird. 
Numenius hudsonicus, Oct. 2=11 birds . 
Numenius borealis, Aug. 27 = 7 birds. 
^uerquedula discors, Sept. 3 to Sept. 20 = 67 birds. 
Gallinago delicata, Sept. 4 to Oct. 22 = 160 birds. 



22 Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 

Dafila acuta-, Sept. 26 = 3 birds. 
Anas obscura, Sept. 29 to Nov. 4 = 26 birds. 
Erismaturajamaicensis, Oct. 2 to 27 = 115 birds. 
Nyroca marila, Oct. 15 to 23^ 12 birds. 
Tringa a. facifica, Oct. 19 = 8 birds. 
Charitonetta albeola, Oct. 24 to 30= 24 birds. 
Ficlica atnertcatta, Oct. 26 to Nov. 4 = 14 birds. 
Nyroca americana, Oct. 27 := 3 birds. 
Spatula clyfeata., Oct. 28 = 4 birds. 
Nettien carolinense, Oct. 30^ 3 birds. 

Total, 2780 birds. 



Recapitulation. 

Colinus virginianus (Quail), Oct. 15 to Nov. 16 = 97 birds. 
Ectopistes migratorius (Wild Pigeon), Oct. 19, 1868 =1 bird. 
Rallus virginianus (Virginia Rail), July 27 to Sept. 14 = 17 birds. 
Porza?ia Carolina (Sora Rail), Aug. 10 to Oct. 18= 109 birds. 
Galli?iula [galeata ?) (Gallinule), Sept. 28 =4 birds. 
Fulica americana (Pond Coot), Sept. 26 to Nov. 14 = 193 birds. 
Are7iaria interpres (Rock Plover), Aug. 18, to Sept. 5 = 32 birds. 
Squatarola squatarola. Strange to say none are recorded. 
Charadrius dominicus (Greenhead), Aug. 14 to Oct. 24 =386 birds. 
^Egialites vocifera (Kildeer), July 21 to Aug. 1=2 birds. 
Numenius lofigirostris (Long-billed Curlew), July 15 to 29 = 2 birds. 
" hudsofiicus (Jack Curlew), Aug. 26 to Sept. 2 = 30 birds. 

" borealis (Eskimo Curlew), Aug. 27 = 7 birds. 

Limosa hcBinastica (Ring-tailed Marlin), July 22 to Oct. 13 =104 birds. 

" fedoa (Big Marlin), Aug. 6 to Oct. 2 = 26 birds. 
Macrorrhamphus griseus (Dowitcher), July 7 to Oct. 20 = 1058 birds. 
Micropalama himantopus (Mongrel), July 6 to Sept. 19 = 279 birds. 
Symphetnia setnipalmata (Willet), July 11 to Sept. 18 = 106 birds. 
Totanus melanoleucus (Big Legs), Spring, May 9 to 14 = 22 birds ; 
Autumn, July 20 to Nov. 4 = 1362 birds. 

Totanus Jlavipes (Yellow-legs) July 7 to Oct. i = 2499 birds. 
Bartramia longicauda (Grass Plover), Aug. 2 to Sept. 7 = 25 birds. 
Tringa maculata (Creeker), July 16 to Oct. 20 = 2337 birds. 

" canutus (Robin Snipe), Aug. i to Sept. 14 =391 birds. 

" a. pacifica (Winter Snipe), Oct. 2 to 19 = 17 birds. 
Gallinago delicata (Snipe), Spring, March 23 to May 5 = 1277 birds. 
Autumn, Aug. 12 to Nov. 14 =466 birds. 

Philokela 7ninor (Woodcock), July 15 to Nov. 16 = 453 birds. 
yEx spotisa (Wood Duck), July 30 to Nov. 11=21 birds. 
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose), Spring, April 3 ; Autumn, Nov. i = 
4 birds. 



Notes on Rhode Island (Ornithology. 27 

Anas boschas (Mallard), Oct. 22 =4 birds. 
" obscura (Black Duck), Spring, April 22 = i bird; Autumn, Aug. 10 
to Nov. 18 = 25 birds. 

Chaulelasmus streferus (Gadwall), Oct. 27 = 3 birds. 

Mareca americana (Widgeon), Oct. 8 to 25 = 7 birds. 

Nettion carolinense (Green-winged Teal), Sept. 2 to Nov. 7 = 78 birds. 

Dafila acuta (Gray Duck), Sept. 9 to Nov. 11 = 32 birds. 

^uerquedula dtscors (Blue-winged Teal), Aug. 27 to Nov. 5 = 195 birds. 

Spatula clypeata (Shoveller), Oct. 2 to 28 = 8 birds. 

Nyroca americana (Red-head), Oct. 8 to 25 = 7 birds. 

" vallisneria (Canvas-back), Spring, April; Autumn, Oct. 9 =3 
birds. 

Nyroca marila (Scaup Duck), Oct. 5 to Nov. 11 = 30 birds. 

" affinis (Little Scaup), Nov. 4 = 2 birds. 
Charitonetta albeola (Buffle-head), Oct. 20 to Nov. S = 92 birds. 
Erismatura jamaicensis (Broad-bill), July 30 to Nov. 14 = 438 birds. 

Total, 12,168 birds. 

GENERAL NOTES. 

A Trip to Sakonnet. — On September 23, 1901, I started on a shooting 
excursion to Sakonnet Pt., R. I. As we were sailing round from Newport 
we passed close to Cormorant Rock near which were seen several Cor- 
morants, one species of Scoter, Terns and Herring Gulls. We shot on 
the marsh for a day and a half (Sept. 24-25) and killed the following birds : 
3 Blue-winged Teal (.^. discors). 

1 Curlew (N- hudsonicus). 

7 Yellow-legs {T. melanoleucus). 
46 Kriekers ( T. maculata). 

2 Plover (C. domtntcus). 

I Great Blue Heron {A. herodias). 
The following were seen also : 

6 Black Duck {A. obscura'). 

3 Baldpate (.'') \^M. atnericand). 
I Yellow-leg {T.Jlavipes'). 

1 Red-backed Sandpiper (T. a. pactfica). 

2 White-rumped Sandpipers (jCfusicollts). 

3 Black-bellied Plover {S. squatarola). 
20 Peep (JEreunetes ftcstllus). 

3 Peep (7'. mtnuttlla). 

2 Ring-necks {A. semipalmata). 

2 Lesser (.?) Scaup Duck {Nyroca affinis). 
Several Marsh Hawks and Sparrow Hawks were seen and. about sixteen 
Great Blue Herons, one of which was shot. One Green Heron {B. 
vircscens) was also seen, and about twenty Teal. 
Newport. LeRqy King. 



24 Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 

Two Interesting Notes. — On the morning of Julj 17, 1901, while riding 
my bicycle across the level stretch of road between Easton Point and New- 
port I noticed a flock of ten Semipalmated Sandpipers (Ereunetes pusillus). 
They were flying rapidly before the wind, apparently coming from the 
beach just south of the road and going to some marshes north. On one 
side of the road are ten telephone wires about twenty feet above the ground. 
Into these wires the flock dashed at full speed and a mix-up followed. 
Two fell dead to the ground and two more fluttered away to die in the tall 
grass. 

On August 27, 1901, I took a Baird's Sandpiper (Tri?tga bairdii) at 
Middletown. This is the fifth record for the state. 
Newport. Edward Sturtevant. 

Capture of two Bald Eagles [Haliceetus leucocephalus (Linn.)). — So un- 
common is the Bald Eagle in this state that one is very fortunate to col- 
lect a single bird, but it fell to the lot of Capt. E. P. Sisson of the Sandy 
Point Life Saving Station to shoot two of these noble birds on the beach 
at the northern end of Block Island on May 5, 1900. 

They were in immature plumage and one which was placed in the 
Charles H. Smith collection at Roger Williams Park measured as follows : 
Length, 36 inches; extent, 6 feet, 11 inches; wing, 23 inches; tail, 14I 
inches. 

While at Qiionochontang, R. I., on Sept. 7, 1901, I saw towards night 
one of this species flying west along shore. 
South Auburn, Sept. 20, 1901. . H. S. Hathaway. 



COMMUNICATIONS. 

New London, Conn. 

July 27, 1901. 
Reginald Heber Howe, Jr. 

Dear Sir: — You will be pleased to learn that I have found a Colony 
of Fish Crows " nesting " within sight of Watch Hill near the R. I. bor- 
der — 5 pairs with sets of eggs J, ^, f, i, young, a day or so old — Rough- 
■winged Swallo-ws taken nearer and nearer each year to R. I. line also, and it 
behooves you to watch closely as Hooded Warblers, Fish-Crows, and 
Rough-wings may be found any time on the R. I. side. 

Sincerely yours, 

James H. Hill, 



INDEX TO VOLUME II. 



ACANTHis linaria rostrata, 9. 
Actitis macularia, 18. 
^gialitis semipalmata, 18, 23. 

vocifera, lo, 13, 14, 22. 
Agelaius phoeniceus, 11. 
^x sponsa, 3, 10, 14, 15, 20, 22. 
Alca torda, 6. 
Allen, Glover M., 6. 
Ammodramus henslowi, 11, 16. 

nelsoni, 9. 

nelsoni subvirgatus, 9. 
Ampelis cedrorum, ig. 
Anas boscas, 7, 14, 23. 

obscura, 2, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 15, 
20, 21, 22, 23. 
Aquila chrysaetos, 7. 
Ardea herodias, 3, 23. 
Arenaria interpres, 8, 10, 14, 15, 18, 

20, 22. 
Asio accipitrinus, 3. 
Astragalinus tristis, 4, 19. 
Auk, Razor-billed, 6. 
Austin, John Osborne, 12. 

Baldpate, 7, 23. 

Bartramia longicauda, 12, 13, 15, 20, 

21, 22. 
Bent, A. C. , 6, 11. 
Blackbird, Crow, 2. 

Red-winged, 2, 11, 12. 
Bluebird, 5, 11. 
Bob- White, 3. 
Bonasa umbellus, 3. 
Branta canadensis, 3, 6, 14, 20, 22. 
Broad-bill, lo, 23. 
Bubo virginianus, 4. 
Bufiie-head, 10, 23. 
Bunting, Snow, 8. 
Butorides virescens, 18, 23. 

Canvas-back, 23. 

Catbird, 8, 19. 

Ceryle alcyon, ig. 

Chaulelasmus streperus, 10, 14, 23. 

Charadrius dominicus, 7, 10, 13, 14, 

15,20, 21, 22, 23. 
Charitonetta albeola, 10, 14, 20, 21, 

22, 23. 
Chickadee, 5, 19. 
Circus hudsonius, 18. 
Cistothorus palustris, 12. 



Chase, Daniel, 19. 

Clangula clangula americana, 12. 

Colaptes auratus luteus, 4. 

Colinus virginianus, 3, 11, 15, 20, 22. 

Coiymbus auritus, 6. 

holbcelli, 8. 
Coot, American, 7. 

Pond, 22. 
Cormorant, 6, 23. 

Double-crested, 6. 
Corvus americanus, 4, 9, ig; 
Cowbird, 12, 19. 
Creeker, 10, 22. 
Critchley, J. William, 19. 
Crow, American, 4, 9, ig. 

Fish, 24. 
Curlew, Eskimo, 22. 

Jack, 10, 22, 23. 

Long-billed, 22. 
Cyanocitta cristata, 4, 11. 

Dafila acuta, 7, 10, 13, 20, 21, 22, 

23- 
Davenport, Wm. R., 6. 

Dendroeca coronata, 5. 

palmarum hypochrysea, 8. 
Dexter, S. Newton, 17. 
Dove, Mourning, 2. 
Dowitcher, 7, 10, 22. 
Dring, Robt. L., g, 10. 
Dryobates villosus, 4. 

pubescens medianus, 4. 
Duck, Black, 2, 6, 8, 10, 23. 

Eider, 3. 

Gray, 10, 23. 

Greater Scaup, 8. 

Harlequin, 6. 

King, 12. 

Little Scaup, 23. 

Scaup, 23. 

Wood, 3, 10, 22. 
Durfee, Owen, 11. 

Eagle, Bald, 3, 24. 

Golden, 7. 
Ectopistes migratorius, i, 11, 22. 
Egret, American, 12. 
Editor, 5, 8, 11, 12. 
Eider, King, 7, 18. 

Northern, g. 
Eldred, Samuel, 2. 



26 



Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 



Empidonax t. alnorum, 9. 
Ennis, John, 12. 
Ereunetes pusillus, 23, 24. 
Erismatura jamaicensis, 13, 14, 15, 
20, 21, 22, 23. 

Flicker, Northern, 4. 
Flycatcher, Alder, 9. 
Olive-sided, 6. 
Fulica americana, 7, 14, 15, 20, 21, 22 

Gadwall, 23. 

Galescoptes carolinensis, 8, 19. 

Gallinago delicata, 7, 10, 13, 14, 15, 

20, 21, 22. 
Gallinula galeata, 7, 15, 22. 
Gallinule, 22. 

Gammel, Mrs. William, i. 
Gavia imber, 2, 6, 8. , 

lumme, 8. 
Gavitt, Rowland A. , 7 . 
Geothlypis trichas brachidactyla, 19. 
Giraud, J. P., Jr., 12. 
Golden-eye, American, 3, 6. 
Goldfinch, American, 4, 19. 
Goose, Canada, 3, 22. 

Wild, 6, 12. 
Grackle, 6, 11, 12. 

Purple, I r. 
Grebe, Horned, 6, 11. 

Red-necked, 3. 
Greenhead, 22. 
Grouse, Ruffed, 8. 
Gull, Bonaparte's, 6. 

Herring, 2, 6. 

Kittiwake, 6. 

Ring-billed, 2. 

Hali^etus leucocephalus, 3, 24. 
Harporrhynchus rufus, 8, 19. 
Hathaway, H. S., 6, 8, 11, 12, 16, 

24. 
Hawk, Duck, 11. 

Marsh, 18, 23. 

Sparrow, 23. 
Helmitherus vermivorus, 9. 
Helminthophila pinus, 15. 
Herelda hiemalis, 6, 8. 
Heron, Black-crowned Night, 18. 

Green, 18, 23. 

Great Blue, 3, 23. 
Hill, Julia M., 6, 24. 
Hirundo erythrogastra, 19. 
Histrionicus histrionicus, 6. 
Howe, Reginald Heber, Junior, 11, 
12, 18, 24. 



Hummingbird, Ruby-throated, i, 19. 
Hylocichla guttata pallasii, 5. 

Ingersoll, Ernest, 12. 

Jaeger, Parasitic, 9, 15. 
Jencks, F. T., 11. 
Junco hiemalis, 5. 

Slate-colored, 5. 

Keefe, John W., 7. 
Kendall, G. A., 12. 
Kildeer, 10, 22. 
Kingbird, 19. 

Kingfisher, Belted, 11, 19. 
King, Le Roy, 6, 7, 23. 

Mrs. Le Roy, i . 
Kinglet, Golden-crowned, 5. 
Kittiwake, 8. 
Knowles, John Kenyon, i, 2. 

H. M.,7. 

Lorenzo A., i. 
Krieker, 23. 

Lanius borealis, 5. 

excubitorides migrans, 19. 
Lark, Horned, 4. 

Shore, 8. 
Larus, argutatus, 2, 6, 23. 

delawarensis, 2. 

Philadelphia, 6. 
Lawrence, George W. [N.], 6. 
Limosa fedoa, 10, 13, 14, 21, 22. 

haemastica, 10, 13, 20, 21, 22. 
Livermore, John L., 5. 
Loon, 2, 6, 8. 

Red-throated, 8. 

Mackay, S. [G.] H., 12. 
Macrorrhamphus griseus, 7, ro, 13, 

14, 15, 20, 21, 22. 
Mallard, 7, 23. 

Mareca americana, 7, 20, 2,1, 23. 
Marlin, Big, 10, 22. 

Ring-tailed, 10, 22. 
Maynard, C. J., 6, 12. 
Meadowlark, 4, 19. 
Mearns, Edgar, A., 1,12. 

Louis di Zerega, 8, 18. 
Megascops asio, 4. 
Melospiza melodia, 5, 19. 
Merganser, American, 2. 

Red-breasted, 2. 
Merganser americanus, 2. 

serrator, 2, 6, 8. 



Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 



27 



Merula migratoria, 5, 9, 19. 
Micropalama himantopus, 6, 7, 10, 13, 

14, 15, 20, 21, 22. 
Mniotilta varia, 8. 
Mockingbird, 12. 
Molothrus ater, 11, 19. 
Mongrel, 10, 22. 
Murre, 11. 

Briinnich's, 6. 

Nettion carolinense, 13, 14, 15, 20, 

21, 22, 23. 
Newbury, F. E., 12. 

Numenius borealis, 12, 21, 22. 

hudsonicus, 10, 21, 22, 23. 

longirostris, 14, 21, 22. 
Nuttallornis borealis, 6. 
Nyroca affinis, 21, 23. 

americana, 14, 22, 23. 

marila, 8, 10, 13, 14, 15, 22, 23. 

vallisneria, 13, 14, 23. 

QLdemia americana, 6. 

deglandi, 6, 18. 

perspicillata, 6. 
Old Squaw, 6, 8. 
Osprey, American, 12, 18. 
Otocoris alpestris, 4, 8. 

alpestris praticola, 8. 
Owl, Barred, 3. 

Great Horned, 4. 

Screech, 4. 

Short-eared, 3. 

Eandion haliacitus carolinensis, 18. 

Parus atricapillus, 5, 19. 

Passer domesticus, 5. 

Passerculus sandwichensis savanna, 8, 

19. 
Phalacrocorax carbo, 6, 8. 

auritus, 6. 
Philohela minor, 10, 15, 20, 21, 22. 
Pigeon, Passenger, I, 2. 

Wild, II, 22. 
Pintail, 7. 

Pipilo erythrophthalmus, 19. 
Plectrophenax nivalis, 4, 6, 8. 
Plover, Black-bellied, 23. 

P'ield, 12. 

Golden, 7, 10, 23. 

Grass, 13, 22. 

Gray, 12. 

Semipalmated, 18. 
Poocetes gramineus, 19. 
Porzana Carolina, 10, 14, 15, 20, 21, 
22, 



Quail, it, 22. 

Querquedula discors, 10, 13, 14, 15, 

20, 21, 23. 
Quiscalus quiscula, 11. 

Robin, American, 5, 9, 11, 19. 

Newport, 12. 
Rissa tridactyla, 6, 8. 
Redpoll, Greater, 9, 
Rail, Carolina, 10. 

Clapper, 9. 

Sora, 10, 22. 

Virginia, 10, 22. 
Rallus crepitans, 9. 

virginianus, 10, 14, 15, 20, 23. 
Regulus satrapa, 5. 
Red-head, 23. 
Richards, J. B., 7. 
Ring-neck, 23. 
Russell, Mrs. H. S., i. 
Ridgway, Robert, 18. 

Sandpiper, Baird's, 6, 7, 24. 

Buff-breasted, 6. 

Least, 18. 

Pectoral, 7. 

Purple, 6, 8. 

Red-backed, 23. 

Semipalmated, 24. 

Spotted, 18. 

Stilt, 6, 7, 10. 

White-rumped, 23. 
Sapsucker, Yellow-bellied, 2. 
Scolopax rusticolus, 6. 
Scoter, American, 6. 

Surf, 6. 

White-winged, 6, 18. 
Sheldrake, 6. 
Sialia sialis, 5. 
Sisson, 24. 
Snipe, English, 7, ro, 22. 

Robin, ID, 22. 

Winter, 10, 22. 
Shoveller, 23. 
Shrike, Migrant, 19. 

Northern, 5. 
Snowflake, 4, 8 
Somateria dresseri, 6, 7. 

mollissima borealis, 9. 

spectabilis, 7, 12, 18. 
Sparrow, Acadian Sharp- tailed, 9. 

Henslow's, 11, i6. 

House, 5. 

Nelson's, 9. 

Savanna, 8, 19. 

Song, 5, 19. 



28 



Notes on Rhode Island Ornithology. 



Sparrow, Tree, 5. 

Vesper, 19. 

White-throated, 8. 

Yellow-winged, 11. 
Spatula clypeata, 20, 21, 22, 23. 
Spizella monticola, 5. 
Squatarola squatarola, 22, 23. 
Stelgidopteryx serripennis, 9. 
Stercorarius parasiticus, 9, 15. 
Sterna hirundo, 5, 18. 
Sturnella magna, 4, 19. 
Sturtevant, Edward, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12, 

24. 
Swallow, Barn, 19. 

Rough-winged, 9, 24. 

Tree, 19. 
Symphemia semipalmata, 10, 13, 15, 

20, 21, 22. 
Syrnium nebulosum, 3. 



Tachycineta bicolor, 19. 
Tanager, Scarlet, i. 
Teal, Blue-winged, 10, 23. 

Green-winged, 23. 
Tern, Common, 5, 18. 
Thrasher, Brown, 8, 19. 
Thrush, Hermit, 5. 
Totanus flavipes, 7, 10, 13, 14, 15, 20, 
21, 22, 23. 

melanoleucus, 7, 10, 13, 14, 15, 

20, 21, 22, 23. 
Towhee, 19. 

Tringa, alpina pacifica, 10, 22, 23. 
bairdii, 6, 7, 24. 
bartramia, 12. 

canutus, 10, 13, 14, 15, 21, 22. 
fuscicollis, 23. 
maculata, 7, 10, 13, 14, 15, 20, 

21, 22, 23. 
maritima, 6, 8. 
minutilla, 18, 23. 



Trochilus colubris, 19. 
Trowbridge, C. C, 12. 

Troglodytes hiemalis, 5. 
Tryngites subruficollis, 6. 
Turnstone, 8, 18. 
Tyrannus tyrannus, 19. 

Uria lomvia, 6, 10. 
troile, II. 

ViREO gilvus, 8. 

olivaceus, 8. 
Vireo, Red-eyed, 8. 

Warbling, 8. 

Warbler, Black and White, 8. 

Blue-winged Yellow, 15. 

Hooded, 9, 24. 

Myrtle, 5. 

Red, 12. 
. Worm-eating, 9. 

Yellow Palm, 8. 
Waxwing, Cedar, 19. 
White, Joel W., 15. 
Widgeon, 10, 23. 
Willet, 10, 22. 
Wilsonia mitrata, 9. 
Woodcock, American, 2, 10, 22. 

European, 6, 12. 
Woodpecker, Hairy, 4. 

Northern Downy, 4. 
Wren, Winter, 5. 

YELLOW-legs, 10, 22, 23. 

Big, 22. 

Greater, 7, 10. 

Lesser, 7. 
Yellow-throat, Maryland, 19. 

Zonotrichia albicollis, 8. 



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